Commercial Water Conservation
- phone (628) 652-3450
- mail_outline Department of Building Inspection firstname.lastname@example.org
To conserve water by ensuring efficient plumbing fixtures in commercial buildings. Commercial properties with non-compliant toilets, urinals, showerheads and faucets are subject to code enforcement. Replace non-compliant, inefficient fixtures as soon as possible to save water, reduce water and sewer bills, and avoid enforcement actions.
Who Must Comply?
Commercial property owners. Compliance was required by January 1, 2017. Properties with remaining old fixtures are subject to code enforcement.
For more information on compliance enforcement, contact the San Francisco Department of Building Inspection at: (628) 652-3450, email@example.com, or https://sf.gov/comply-water-conservation-requirements
Replacing old, water-wasting plumbing fixtures with new efficient models is one of the most important steps to help conserve and protect California’s water supplies. Several state and local measures require property owners to install water-conserving plumbing fixtures.
The Commercial Water Conservation Ordinance applies to all existing commercial properties. This ordinance requires commercial building owners to repair plumbing leaks and to have replaced inefficient plumbing fixtures by January 1, 2017. The Residential Water Conservation Ordinance requires efficient plumbing fixtures in residential properties.
How do I comply?
Inefficient plumbing fixtures must be replaced with efficient fixtures that meet current California plumbing code. Specifically, the Ordinance requires all existing fixtures with flow rates that exceed the rates noted below be replaced with new water-efficient models that meet current California plumbing standards:
Showerheads with a maximum flow rate over 2.5 gallons per minute (gpm) (Additionally, no showers may have more than one showerhead per valve)
Faucets and faucet aerators with a maximum flow rate over 2.2 gpm
Water closets (toilets) with a maximum rated water consumption over 1.6 gallons per flush (gpf)
Need to replace a non-compliant plumbing fixture?
California plumbing code requires new plumbing fixture installations to meet the following water use rates:
- Showerheads ≤ 1.8 gpm
- Kitchen faucet aerators ≤1.8 gpm
- Private lavatory faucet aerators ≤1.2 gpm
- Public lavatory faucets ≤ 0.5 gpm
- Toilets ≤ 1.28 gpf
- Urinals ≤ 0.125 gpf
Compliance is enforced through DBI's Plumbing Inspection Division. For more information, email firstname.lastname@example.org, call (628) 652-3450 or visit https://sf.gov/comply-water-conservation-requirements
Reports of properties with non-compliant plumbing fixtures can be submitted online to DBI at: https://sf.gov/departments/department-building-inspection/code-enforcement-dbi
The SFPUC provides free conservation evaluations and plumbing devices to assist customers with meeting water efficiency requirements. Visit www.sfpuc.org/savewater for more information or contact the Water Conservation Section at (415) 551-4730 or email email@example.com.
Frequently Asked Questions
I own/manage a mixed-use building that has both residential and commercial space in it. Do I still need to comply?
Property owners need to comply with the Commercial Water Conservation Ordinance for any portion of a mixed-use property that is used for commercial purposes. For example, if your property has a ground floor retail business with two floors of residential space above it, only the ground floor business will need to comply with the Commercial Conservation Ordinance; the other portions of the property are subject to the Residential Conservation Ordinance.
How is the Commercial Water Conservation Ordinance different than the Residential Water Conservation Ordinance?
The maximum allowable water consumption for toilets, urinals, showerheads, faucet aerators, and the requirement to repair all leaks are the same for both the Commercial and Residential Water Conservation Ordinances.
The Commercial Water Conservation Ordinance applies to all commercial properties, commercial portions of mixed-use buildings, portions of residential buildings used for commercial purposes, and hotels. January 1, 2017 was the deadline for commercial property owners to comply. Commercial properties that still have inefficient fixtures are subject to potential code enforcement.
The Residential Water Conservation Ordinance applies to single and two dwelling unit homes, apartment buildings, condominium units, and residential hotels in the process of selling, remodeling, or making improvements that require building permits. To obtain a certificate of compliance, schedule an inspection with DBI’s Housing Inspection Services or a private Energy and Water Inspector prior to transfer of title or when improvements are performed. Click here for more information on the requirements of the San Francisco Residential Water Conservation Ordinance.
I operate a small business out of my single-family home, condo, or flat. Do I need to comply with the Commercial Water Conservation Ordinance?
No. Your residential property is not subject to the Commercial Water Conservation Ordinance. You should, however, still assess the efficiency of your plumbing fixtures for water-saving purposes and fix any leaks. To save water and money, you should:
- Replace toilets over 30 years old that exceed 1.6 gallons per flush
- Replace showerheads that exceed 2.5 gallons per minute
- Install new aerators on faucets that exceed 2.2 gallons per minute.
Water-efficient showerheads and faucet aerators are available for free through the SFPUC’s free device
program and the SFPUC replaces qualifying, old residential toilets for free. Visit www.sfpuc.org/savewater for details.
Who is responsible for complying with the Commercial Water Conservation Ordinance? Is it the commercial property owner or tenant that leases a commercial space/property?
The property owner is ultimately responsible for complying with the Commercial Water Conservation Ordinance; however, the owner may designate an authorized representative or tenant to make fixture replacements.
How do I determine the flow rate of my toilets, showerheads, or faucets?
Depending on the age of your existing plumbing fixtures or devices, manufacturers will likely have stamped the flow rate onto the device itself.
Flush volumes for a standard tank-style toilet are often found on the bowl. A 1.6 gallon per flush (gpf) toilet will often have “1.6 gpf” printed on the back of the bowl where it connects to the tank. You can also look inside the tank for the printed manufacture date. Toilets manufactured before 1994 do not meet the Commercial Water Conservation Ordinance requirements.
Showerheads with a flow rate of 2.5 gallons per minute (gpm) will have "2.5 gpm" imprinted somewhere on the fixture.
Lavatory (bathroom) and kitchen faucets may also have a stamped flow rate on the aerator and can range from 0.5 gpm to 2.2 gpm.
If you are unable to locate a stamp for a showerhead or faucet you can use a marked flow bag and follow the instructions to measure the flow rate. The SFPUC provides water account holders with free flow bags, available at 525 Golden Gate Ave., first floor, Monday to Friday 8am-5pm. SFPUC water conservation technicians also can help determine the flow rate and flush volumes of plumbing fixtures for property owners or water account customers who sign up for a free Water-Wise Evaluation.
If my faucet doesn’t accommodate an aerator, do I still have to do anything?
Yes. Faucets that are unthreaded or do not accept aerators must be replaced if they exceed a maximum flow rate of 2.2 gallons per minute. Old, unthreaded faucets can use up to 7 gallons of water per minute.
Does a 1.6 gallon per flush (gpf) toilet comply with the Commercial Water Conservation Ordinance?
Yes. Any existing toilets at your property with a flush volume of 1.6 gpf or less are in compliance with the Commercial Water Conservation Ordinance and do not need to be replaced. Toilets identified during a property inspection with a flush volume greater than 1.6 gpf will need to be replaced with a toilet that meets the current California Plumbing Code standard of 1.28 gpf or less. If your 1.6 gpf toilet is over 20 years old, poorly performing, and has leaks you can’t repair, you should consider replacing it even though it’s not required under the ordinance.
If your property has flushometer-style toilets that have previously been retrofitted with new valves or internal parts (diaphragm kits) to flush at 1.6 gpf, the fixtures are still considered inefficient and need to be replaced. For example, an existing 3.5 gpf bowl retrofitted with a 1.6 gpf valve does not meet the requirements of the Commercial Water Conservation Ordinance and likely does not perform well, resulting in double or triple flushing since the bowl and valve were never designed to work together.
A compliant and properly performing flushometer-style toilet will have a bowl and valve with matched flush rates such as 1.28 gpf. If your property’s existing flushometer-style toilet bowls are not stamped with 1.6 gpf or less, you will need to retrofit both the bowl and valve to comply with the Commercial Water Conservation Ordinance.
Which flow rate do I need to comply with for my showerhead, is it 2.5 gpm or 2.0 gpm?
First, determine what the flow rate of your showerhead is. If it is greater than 2.5 gpm, then you will need to replace it with a fixture that meets the current California Plumbing Code standard of 2.0 gpm or less. If your showerhead flows at 2.5 gpm or less, then you don’t need to replace it to comply with the Commercial Water Conservation Ordinance. If you are trying to reduce water use in your building, you may want to replace 2.5 gpm showerheads with more water-efficient models.
Can commercial properties with a historic landmark designation seek an exemption from toilet and urinal replacements based on potential impact to the historical integrity of the building?
Owners of commercial properties listed as a historic landmark on a local, state, or national register and who believe replacement of urinals and toilets would impact the interior spaces or features in their building (that are specifically noted in their building’s landmark designation) must request an inspection by DBI’s Plumbing Inspection Division to be considered for potential exemption. The property owner or designee will need to provide DBI proof of the building’s landmark status and explain how fixture replacement would impact the historic features noted in their designation. Please note that the actual porcelain toilet and/or urinal fixture is not typically considered “historic” in a property’s landmark designation.
If the plumbing configuration of your building’s existing toilet or urinal would require removal of walls and flooring to replace it with a water-efficient model and alteration of the affected walls and flooring are part of the building’s historic features noted in its landmark designation, DBI may consider exemption from full replacement of the fixture, or consider other retrofit options to lower flush volumes. For more information, contact DBI.
Designations of historic buildings in San Francisco fall under the purview of the San Francisco Planning Department.
Can commercial properties not listed on any historic landmark register seek an exemption or variance from toilet and urinal replacements?
Property owners who can demonstrate to DBI that the unique plumbing configuration of their existing urinals or toilets would make replacement with efficient models impossible without an extensive building remodel must contact DBI’s Plumbing Inspection Division to request an inspection. Based on DBI’s inspection, your property may be eligible for a temporary variance until the time that a major bathroom remodel is warranted. DBI may also determine that other retrofit options could be pursued to reduce the fixture’s flow rates. There are very few circumstances affecting a small number of buildings in San Francisco that would warrant a temporary variance from the ordinance; most buildings need to fully comply with the ordinance by replacing inefficient fixtures. Examples that might warrant a temporary variance until the time of major remodel may include:
- Buildings with floor mounted urinals that require demolition to the bathroom floor and walls to replace the fixture.
- Buildings with three-bolt flushometer-style toilet bowls that require demolition to the bathroom wall to replace the toilet bowl carrier with a 4-bolt bowl pattern.
Last updated: 12/28/2022